Congress Test

The test will consist of 35 multiple choice questions and one free response question. This test will cover chapter 11, the legislative branch. Questions will cover class discussions, textbook chapters 11, any information and material on the wiki, such as Congress Chart, and any other readings since the last test.

You must know:

1. How a bill becomes a law
2. Powers of Congress
3. Differences Between House and Senate
4. Committee System
5. How Congress people are elected and they vote

The Congress

1. Who draws US congressional district lines?
2. How often are these redrawn?
3. Why is bicameralism important in our congress?
4. What are some of the major differences in the duties of the different houses of congress?
5. Explain who has more power; a representative or a senator?
6. What is the most powerful job in congress?
7. Who does the senate have the power to confirm?
8. What checks does the congress have on the presidency and the judiciary?
9. Carefully & explicitly list the steps by which a bill becomes a law:
10. How does a whip keep party members in line?
11. What congressional portion does it take to override a presidential veto?
12. List five specific ways to kill a bill.
13. What power does the Rules Committee have?
14. How does divided government effect the ability of the congress to work with the presidency?
15. What is the relationship between congressional subcommittees & congressional parent committees?
16. List some of the powers of the Speaker of the House.
17. Describe and analyze the committee system in the law making process:
18. Explain why there is more minority representation in the House than the Senate.
19. List the top five powers of congress in order.
20. What is the historical effect of midterm elections on the composition of congress.
21. Explain why Senators are more likely to be trustees than Representatives are.
22. list the top five considerations a representative makes when voting on a bill.

Define the following
  1. Constituents
  2. Reapportionment
  3. Redistricting
  4. Gerrymandering
  5. Safe Seat
  6. Incumbent
  7. Earmarks
  8. Bicameralism
  9. Enumerated Powers
  10. Speaker
  11. Party Caucus
  12. Majority Leader
  13. Minority Leader
  14. Whip
  15. Closed Rule
  16. Open Rule
  17. President pro tempore
  18. Hold
  19. Filibuster
  20. Cloture
  21. Standing Committee
  22. Special or select committee
  23. Joint Committee
  24. Seniority Rule
  25. Conference Committee
  26. Delegate
  27. Trustee
  28. Logrolling
  29. Attentive Public
  30. Discharge Petition
  31. Rider
  32. Pocket Veto
  33. Override
Take the Congress Test on AP* Page 14 in the appendix of the textbook.

Identify which chamber of Congress has each of the following powers:
  • impose taxes
  • approve treaties
  • impeach the President or a judge
  • confirm Supreme Court nominees
  • try the President or a judge after he or she has been impeached

Free Response Practice
1. Discuss which chamber of the house is the most powerful and explain why.

2. Americans love their congress person and hate congress. Explain the reasons for these, seemingly contradictory feelings.

3. Explain the effect of the Congressional seniority system on the American political system.

4. Describe the change of minority representation in the congress over time. Analyze the effect of this change over the past 30 years on policy outcomes.

5. The Framers of the Unite States Constitution created a legislative system that is bicameral. However, it is not just bicameral; the framers also established two houses of distinctly different character and authority.

a. Discuss two reasons why the framers created a bicameral legislature.
b. Identify one power unique to the House of Representatives and explain why the framers gave the House that power.
c. Identify one power unique to the senate and explain why the framers gave the Senate that power.

Free Response Questions from past AP Exams
2006 #3
2007 #3
2008 #1
2012 #1

Auxiliary
This President versus Congress Review might help you prepare for the test
Congress Jeopardy could be fun!

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