Executive Order

Executive order-A rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect of law.

(1)enforce legislative statutes
(2)enforce the Constitution or treaties with foreign nations
(3)establish or modify rules and practices of executive administrative agencies

Can be retracted by successor, nullified by Congress or ruled unconstitutional by a federal court.

Presidents have issued over 13,500 of them.

Click on this link to learn more about executive orders.

Write down your answers to the following questions and bring them to class.

1. Define executive order

2. What is the difference between a law and an executive order?

3.Describe how an executive order can be overturned.

4.Take any one of Barack Obama's executive orders:

What is the purpose of the specific order you chose?

What is your opinion of the order you chose?

5. You are the president. Write an executive order in the official language of an executive order. Bill Clinton's Executive Order 13128 is a good example of the official language of an Executive order. Your executive order does not have to have ten sections, just one or two sections will be plenty.

Here is an example of a fictional but accurate executive order written by our very own classmate, the lovely and talented President Angela Presto, our nation's 47th and first ballerina president.

President Angela Presto
Executive Order 12345 of January 30, 2013 Expanding National Forest Lines/Boundaries By the power invested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America I hereby declare that all national forests in the United States have their boundaries expanded for the preservation of nature and land for future generations. Section 1. Policy. National forests are essential in the preservation of nature and land. They are safe homes/habitats four numerous wildlife as well. Without national forests there would be larger quantities of deforestation and a loss of species, land, and nature. Expanding these boundaries can help to improve the preservation of land, nature, and wildlife by giving a larger region for the wildlife to grow and expand as well as preserving it for our future generations. Section 2. Expanding National Forest Lines/Boundaries. (a) In order to ensure a consistent approach in expanding national forest boundaries there will be a National Forest Boundary Group established. This group will be co-chaired by representatives designated by the Administrator of General Services. (b) the National Forest Boundary Group shall be composed of: (i) a representative from each of the following agencies, and the Co-Chairs, who all have ownership/responsibility for managing and expanding national forest boundaries. (1)the Department of Agriculture (2)the Department of Natural Resources (3)the Department of Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry (4)the Department of Energy and Natural Resources (c) Within 1 year of the date of this order, The National Forest Boundary Group will report to the Steering Committees on the improvements to be made and the progress being made. Section 3. Coordinating Consistent and Efficient Expanding of National Forest Lines/Boundaries Requirements and Policies. (a) Each National Forest Boundary member shall: (i)develop and implement a strategy to facilitate the timely and efficient way of expanding national forest boundaries that: (1)ensures a consistent approach to expanding national forest boundaries by: providing clear notice of how much the boundaries will be expanded, review of the process, and when the boundaries will be expanded. (b) The Co-Chairs, in consultation with the Director, will coordinate, review, and monitor the expansion Of the national forest boundaries. Section 4. Contracts, Applications, and Permits. (a) The National Forest Boundary Group will work to develop and use one or more templates for permit terms to expand national forest boundaries. These templates will allow for the national forests to be expanded safely and justly. Section 5. General Provision. (a) This order will be set into motion while being consistent with all applicable laws, treaties, and trust obligations, and subject to the availability of appropriations. (b) Nothing in this order will impair (i) the authority granted by law to an executive department, agency or the head. (c) independent agencies are encouraged to comply/cooperate with this order. (d) this order is not intended to create a benefit or right enforceable by law or by any party against the United States and its departments, agencies, officers, employees, agents, or any other person. THE WHITE HOUSE, Washington, January 30, 2013.

Here is an example of a fictional but accurate executive order written by our classmate, President Carlie Herron.

President Carlie Herron

Executive Order 13547 of March 3, 2010
Reducing Carbon Emissions
By the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, in order to reduce carbon emissions, to set a positive, environmentally friendly example for the United States as a whole, to spread awareness of the need for action against climate change, to improve the state of our environment, and to ensure a cleaner and safer future for the United States, I hereby order as follows:
Section 1. All members of executive departments, independent agencies, and Government corporations, shall trade in any personal automobile which yields fewer than 40 miles per gallon. The vehicle must then be replaced with a fuel-efficient automobile which yields 40 or more miles per gallon.
Section 2. Government funds will be appropriated in order to pay for any discrepancy between the trade-in value of each individual’s obsolete vehicle and the price of a new, fuel-efficient automobile. Government funds will also be provided for any individual to pay off the remainder of a leased vehicle, if necessary.
Section 3. Each member has six months (until September 3, 2010) to trade in their vehicle, if necessary.
Section 4. Any individual who fails to comply with the standards outlined in Sections 1-3 will be charged a fine of $2,000 for each month which passes after September 3, 2010.
March 3, 2010.

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