Fall Term Final Exam

Our final exam is a cumulative exam that will cover everything we have studied, discussed, viewed, and read in class and will include chapters 1-10 in the textbook.

The test will consist of up to 60 multiple choice questions and 1 Free Response Question.

Our final exam will cover the following chapters and topics
  1. Constitutional Democracy
  2. The Living Constitution
  3. American Federalism
  4. Political Culture and Ideology
  5. The American Political Landscape
  6. Interest Groups
  7. Political Parties
  8. Public Opinion, Participation, and Voting
  9. Campaigns and Elections
  10. The Media
o Constitutional Democracy (chapter 1)
o The Living Constitution (chapter 2)
o American Federalism and Federalism Part ii (chapter 3)

o Political Culture (chapter 4)
o Political Landscape and Political Landscape Part ii (chapter 5)

o Interest Groups (chapter 6)
o Political Parties and Political Parties Part ii (chapter 7)
o Public Opinion, Participation and Voting and Public Opinion, Participation and Voting Part ii (chapter 8)
o Campaigns and Elections (chapter 9) Campaigns and Elections Part ii and The Media (chapter 10)

To review, complete this sheet, read and re-read chapters 1-10, answer the chapter review questions at the end of the chapter, take the practice tests at the end of the book, study in groups & review your notes.

Define the following terms
1. Representative democracy
2. Constitutional democracy
3. Sovereignty
4. Liberty
5. Majority
6. Plurality
7. Theocracy
8. Articles of confederation
9. Shay’s rebellion
10. Connecticut compromise
11. Three-fifths compromise
12. Federalists and Anti-Federalists
13. The Federalist papers
14. Separation of powers and Checks and balances
15. Referendum
16. Judicial review
17. Impeachment
18. Executive privilege
19. Devolution revolution
21. Federalism
22. Unitary system
23. Confederation
24. Express powers
25. Implied powers
26. Necessary and proper clause
27. Phat
28. Inherent powers
29. Commerce clause
30. Federal mandates
31. Concurrent powers
32. Full faith and credit clause
33. Extradition
34. Interstate compact
35. National supremacy
36. Block grants
37. Hollah
38. Centralists
39. Decentralists
40. Decemberists
41. Selective Perception
42. Primary Elections
43. Single Member Disctricts
44. Midterm Elections
45. Divided Government
46. Realigning Elections
47. Factions
48. Party Dealignment
49. Two-Party System
50. Duverger's Law
51. Interest Groups
52. 527s
53. Bundling
54. Super-PACs
55. Lobbyists

1. What conditions are necessary for democracy to work?
2. Which is more important to democracy: popular sovereignty or liberty?
3. What were the major weaknesses of the articles of confederation?
4. Analyze the differences between the New Jersey and the Virginia plans.
5. List the main disagreements between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists:
6. Make a chart of the checks and balances of our branches of government.
7. List some of the main changes in the structure of our government since the writing of the Constitution:
8. What are the main points of the Federalist papers nos. 10, 51 & 78?
9. What are the origins of judicial review?
10. What would the government of the US be like today without judicial review?
11. What is the importance of Marbury v Madison and McCulloch v Maryland?
12. What are some alternatives to federalism?
13. What are the states prohibited from doing by the Constitution?
14. What are the main arguments of the centralist v decentralist debate?
15. What are the goals of federal grants?
16. Give an example of a block grant and explain how grants work.
17. Why has the national government grown?
18. What is the future of the national government?
19. What is the future of federalism?
20. What would the Framers think of our political system today?

Anything we have covered in class, is on the wiki, or is in the textbook is fair game for the test.
To prepare for the test you should reread the chapters, define all the key terms at the end of the chapters, take the chapter self-tests at the end of each chapter, look over class notes, read any handouts or readings, confer with your classmates, watch any videos and view any links on the wiki, laugh a little, cry a little, sacrifice animals to appease the godz, practice your ninja skillz, and study the following.

1. Why do incumbents win reelection at such high numbers?
2. What are the main advantages of incumbents in elections?
3. What is the funniest thing that happened in class this year?
4. What are some of the most powerful interest groups in America?
5. How did the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 reform money in politics?
6. How do PACS influence politics?
7. How has the power of parties changed over the past century?
8. What are realigning elections and why do they occur?
9. What were the major demographic factors that enabled President Obama to win the 2008 election?
10. Was 2008 a realigning election?
11. What demographic factors will probably hurt the Republican Party in the future?
12. What are some factions in the Democratic and Republican parties today?
13. What is an example of a 527 group?
14. Where do most people get their public opinions
15. What are the effects of opinion polls upon democracy
16. What percentage of Americans are voters, non-voters, and part time citizens?
17. Which has the most power?
18. List the main reasons Americans don’t vote
19. What are some consequences of low voter turnout
20. What are the main reasons people vote as they do?
21. How does US political participation compare with that of other nations?
22. Describe the average American today.
23. Describe the average American in 2050.
24. Explain what politics in the US will be like in 2050.
25. Will changes in our country make the US more democratic, or less?
26. What effect does immigration (legal or illegal) have on American political system?
27. What effect will technology have on political socialization and political culture?
28. Where does a pirate like to eat lunch?
29. Rank and describe the three main reasons social capital is declining.
30. List some ways the US could increase social capital.
31. Describe how technology effects social capital.
32. Explain the effects of low social capital on our political system.
33. How does diversity effect social capital?
34. Describe current demographic trends in the US.
35. Explain the way you think the US is most divided.
36. What word describes opinions people may hold but have not fully expressed?
37. Why do politicians pay attention to public opinion?
38. What is the "attentive public" and how to do effect our political system?
39. What is the impact of voter registration on the political process?
40. What was the major goal of the voting rights act?

Identify the following
1. Social capital
2. Reinforcing cleavages
3. Gender gap
4. Dual citizenship
5. Cross-cutting cleavages
6. Political socialization
7. political culture
8. demographics
9. SES
10. Lobbying
11. PAC
12. Bundling
13. Independent expenditures
14. 527 Group
15. Issue Ad
16. winner take all system
17. party convention
18. closed primary
19. caucus
20. dealignment
21. Political socialization
22. Duverger’s Law
23. Single member district
24. minor party
25. multiparty system
26. bipartisan
27. WH@@T!
28. coalition
29. incumbent
30. midterm election
31. franchise
32. Term limits
33. primary election
34. political culture
35. General Tso’s Chicken
36. divided government
37. winner take all system
38. Realigning Election
39. Public opinion
40. Random sample
41. Political socialization
42. Selective exposure
43. General election
44. Party Identification
45. Prospective issue voting

Although none of these will be on the test, these questions will help you understand the big picture that is necessary to make you feel like a natural woman or man.

1. Describe how conservatives and liberals differ on ideas about education, the military and welfare, and analyze the roots of their political sentiments.

2. Describe+ analyze some of the most central American political values and their sources in political socialization.

3. Describe political diversity in the US and analyze its impact on the political process today.

4. Describe and analyze Mr. Milner’s fashion sense and its effect on 20th century geopolitical stability.

5. Discuss the causes of the decline of social capital in the late 20th century.

6. Explain how demographics (race, class, religion, age) are connected to voting patterns.

7. Are you a crip or a blood? Explain.

8. While interest groups and political parties each play a significant role in the United States political
system, they differ in their fundamental goals.
a. identify the fundamental goals of interest groups in the political process.
b. Identify the fundamental goal of major political parties in the political process.
c. Describe two different ways by which interest groups support the fundamental goal of political parties in the political process.
d. For one of the forms of support you described in part c, explain two different ways in which that form of support helps interest groups to achieve their fundamental goal in the political process.

BRAINSTORM → List the top 4 terms you should study for the exam.

ORACULAR PRESTIDIGITATION → Write 4 questions that could be on the test.

Hot Tip
Here is a link to an actual AP exam.

Top ten review ideas for AP Fall Term Exam
  1. Take old US multiple choice exams and go over the answers. Here are some practice questions, and here is a link to an actual AP exam. (focus on the parts relevant to chapters 1-10)
  2. Take old US free response exams and go over the answers. Here is a review of every FRQ since 2001.
  3. Make flash cards of the most important politics terms. Here is a link to on-line GoPo flashcards.
  4. Go over old tests, review sheets, class notes and texts
  5. Make a list/chart/graphic organizer of all the specific constitutional powers of the branches of government
  6. Work in review groups
  7. Make your own Jeopardy game and play it. Here's my Fall Term Jeopardy and here is my chapter 1-8 jeopardy.
  8. Practice good test taking skills: Come to the test rested and relaxed, take your time on the test, answer all questions on the multiple choice section, build a rubric for your FRQs and write specific and factual answers
  9. Make a list of the top Supreme Court cases you should know for the test.
Here is a good web resource to review the information from our textbook and here is another web review resource from another book.

Random Questions
  1. What case and what Chief Supreme Court justice began the idea of Judicial Review?
  2. List five examples of powers specifically granted to the government by the Constitution?
  3. What is the name of powers given to both the national and state governments? What do we call these powers?
  4. Who does the Constitution give the power to set up the US federal Courts?
  5. What demographic group is the most likely and least likely to vote?
  6. How has the media affected campaigns and elections?
  7. What have been the 4 main realigning elections in US political history?

1-The concept of iron triangles, also referred to as sub-governments, is used to explain how various interests influence public policy. Applying this concept to agriculture, briefly identify the key players in the iron triangle, analyze how they interact to achieve policy goals, and evaluate the impact of this iron triangle on the democratic process.

2-The contention that American political parties have been in decline since 1960 is challenged
by some scholars who suggest instead that parties are resurgent. Which position do you take? Summarize the arguments that support your position & provide evidence to support your analysis.

3-Have changes in the formal presidential nomination procedures since the mid-1960’s made the process more democratic? In your response, support your argument by describing three specific changes in the procedures and discussing their effects.

4-Analyze whether federalism, over the last twenty-five years, has changed due to the increase in federal mandates on state and local governments. In your essay, identify one federal mandate and discuss each of the following with respect to the mandate you have identified.
a. The objectives of the federal government in enacting the mandate
b. The impact on state and local government budget priorities as a result of the mandate
c. The potential consequences of the removal of the mandate

Generalizing from your discussion in (a), (b),and (c), assess the impact of increased federal mandates on federalism.

5-Elections in the United States are characterized by low voter turnout. Discuss TWO demographic characteristics associated with nonvoting and THREE institutional obstacles associated with nonvoting.

6-Trust and confidence in government have declined in recent decades.
a)Explain how divided government has contributed to this trend.
b)Explain how the increased cost of election campaigns has contributed to this trend.
c)Explain two specific consequences of the decline in trust and confidence in government for individual political behavior.

Last chance
List and define the ten most important terms that you anticipate will be on the exam.

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